In Kenya and Nigeria, the avocado is often eaten as a fruit alone or mixed with other fruits in a fruit salad, or as part of a vegetable salad. [13] A water jar shaped like an avocado, dating to AD 900, was discovered in the pre-Incan city of Chan Chan. avocado n as adj noun as adjective: Describes another noun--for example, "boat race," "dogfood." [23] Sometimes the Nahuatl word was used with the meaning "testicle", probably due to the avocado's perceived resemblance to a testicle. The subtropical species needs a climate without frost and with little wind. Avocados can be propagated by seed, taking roughly four to six years to bear fruit, although in some cases seedlings can take 10 years to come into bearing. In Morocco, a similar chilled avocado and milk drink is sweetened with confectioner's sugar and flavored with a touch of orange flower water. The scion cultivar grows for another 6–12 months before the tree is ready to be sold. [26], In other Central American and Caribbean Spanish-speaking countries, it is known by the Mexican name, while South American Spanish-speaking countries use a Quechua-derived word, palta. Learn the translation for ‘Avocado’ in LEO’s English ⇔ German dictionary. Avocado definition is - a pulpy green- to purple-skinned nutty-flavored fruit of any of various tropical American trees (genus Persea especially P. americana) of … [51] Peru's location near the equator and along the Pacific Ocean creates consistently mild temperatures all year. [12][15] Other caves in the Tehuacan Valley from around the same time period also show early evidence for the presence and consumption of avocado. Delivered to your inbox! avocado British English: avocado / ˌævəˈkɑːdəʊ / NOUN An avocado is a fruit in the shape of a pear with a dark green skin and a large stone inside it. Word Origin mid 17th cent. Find more rhyming words at wordhippo.com! This is problematic, as field preservation of living cultivars is expensive, and habitat loss threatens wild cultivars. The pit germinates in normal soil conditions or partially submerged in a small glass (or container) of water. See 3 authoritative translations of Avocado in English with example sentences and audio pronunciations. [44] In 2018, the US Department of Agriculture estimated that 231,028 hectares (570,880 acres) in total were under cultivation for avocado production in Mexico, a 6% increase over the previous year, and that 2 million tonnes would be exported. Cook, Robert E. "Attractions of the flesh." Find more words! Remember that, in German, both the spelling of the word and the article preceding the word can change depending on whether it is in the nominative, accusative, genitive, or dative case. The avocado (Persea americana) is a tree native to Mexico and Central America, classified in the flowering plant family Lauraceae along with cinnamon, camphor and bay laurel.Avocado or alligator pear also refers to the fruit, botanically a large berry that contains a single seed. Word Origin for avocado C17: from Spanish aguacate, from Nahuatl ahuacatl testicle, alluding to the shape of the fruit Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012 WORD OF THE DAY A ripe avocado yields to gentle pressure when held in the palm of the hand and squeezed. [59][60], In 2009, Peru joined Chile and Mexico as an exporter of avocados to the US. Due to increased Southern California water costs, they are now costly to grow. Words that rhyme with avocado include bravado, staccato, borrow, desperado, tornado, aficionado, auto, sorrow, grotto and bravo. avocado translations: aguacate, aguacate. See 4 authoritative translations of Avocado in Spanish with example sentences, phrases and audio pronunciations. The plural form of avocado is avocados or avocadoes. Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? Synonyms for avocado include alligator pear, avocado pear, butter pear, midshipman's butter, olive green, bottle green, green, jade, khaki and lime. [45], The avocado was introduced from Mexico to California in the 19th century, and has become a successful cash crop. avocado - translate into Norwegian with the English-Norwegian Dictionary - Cambridge Dictionary [2] The fruit of the plant, also called an avocado (or avocado pear or alligator pear), is botanically a large berry containing a single large seed.[5]. Prime quality varieties are therefore propagated by grafting to rootstocks that are propagated by seed (seedling rootstocks) or by layering (clonal rootstocks). 30, 2017 You'll never look at an avocado the same way again. About 24,000 hectares (59,000 acres) – some 95% of United States avocado production – is located in Southern California, with 60% in San Diego County. Jumble was created in 1954 - below, you will find the most unscrambled letters for each descramble word game that others have solved or decoded to make the word avocado. Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). After a season with a low yield, due to factors such as cold (which the avocado does not tolerate well), the trees tend to produce abundantly the next season. [79], Avocado leaves, bark, skin, or pit are documented to be harmful to animals; cats, dogs, cattle, goats, rabbits,[80] rats, guinea pigs, birds, fish, and horses[47][81] can be severely harmed or even killed when they consume them. Translate Avocado. avocado - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. Several cold-hardy varieties are planted in the region of Gainesville, Florida, which survive temperatures as low as −6.5 °C (20 °F) with only minor leaf damage. Example sentences: ^ Avocados must be mature to ripen properly. [50] Peru has now become the largest supplier of avocados imported to the European Union and the second largest supplier to Asia and the United States. In Sri Lanka, their well-ripened flesh, thoroughly mashed or pureed with milk and kitul treacle (a liquid jaggery made from the sap of the inflorescence of jaggery palms), is a common dessert. Avocado trees are partially self-pollinating, and are often propagated through grafting to maintain predictable fruit quality and quantity. 305-328. In English, the word has almost the same pronunciation as the Spanish abogado, “lawyer.” In Mexico it is called the aguacate. [15], The earliest residents were living in temporary camps in an ancient wetland eating avocados, chilies, mollusks, sharks, birds, and sea lions. The avocado is common in vegetarian cuisine as a substitute for meats in sandwiches and salads because of its high fat content. 'Hass' avocados from Peru are seasonally available to consumers from May through September and are promoted under the auspices of the Peruvian Avocado Commission, headquartered in Washington, D.C. Other avocado cultivars include 'Spinks'. "Avocado" is the equivalent to Αβοκάντο in Greek, and I’m pretty sure you’ve heard it many times before already. This limitation, added to the long juvenile period, makes the species difficult to breed. In Step Wise Protocols for Somatic Embryogenesis of Important Woody Plants, pp. avocado (n.) edible, oily fruit of a tree common in the American tropics, 1763, from Spanish avocado, altered (by folk etymology influence of earlier Spanish avocado "lawyer," from same Latin source as advocate (n.)) from earlier aguacate, from Nahuatl (Aztecan) ahuakatl "avocado" (with a secondary meaning "testicle" probably based on resemblance), from proto-Nahuan *pawa "avocado." Find more similar words at wordhippo.com! A biologist calls it persea americana, but avocado derives from the Nahuatl word ahuacatl, which also refers to a certain part of the male anatomy that the fruit somewhat resembles. [58] Most Mexican growers produce the Hass variety due to its high demand worldwide and longer shelf life. If there is no change by this time, the avocado pit is discarded. Now, the Nahuatl word for "soup" or "sauce" is molli, so ahuacamolli is avocado soup or sauce. The three-in-one gadget covers all the essential tasks when prepping an, Creamy, nutty, crunchy, floral — that’s a lot to pack into half an, The cocktail menu, curated by Messenberg, will feature an, Post the Definition of avocado to Facebook, Share the Definition of avocado on Twitter. The plant was introduced to Spain in 1601, Indonesia around 1750, Mauritius in 1780, Brazil in 1809, the United States mainland in 1825, South Africa and Australia in the late 19th century, and the Ottoman Empire in 1908. Find English words made by unscrambling letters avocado. The avocado (Persea americana), a tree likely originating from south central Mexico,[2][3][4] is classified as a member of the flowering plant family Lauraceae. [64] To prevent this, lime or lemon juice can be added to avocados after peeling. [citation needed], Imports from Mexico in the 2005–2006 season exceeded 130,000 metric tons (143,000 short tons; 128,000 long tons). [72], A typical serving of avocado (100 g) is moderate to rich in several B vitamins and vitamin K, with good content of vitamin C, vitamin E and potassium (right table, USDA nutrient data). Avocados also contain phytosterols and carotenoids, such as lutein and zeaxanthin.[73]. Conservation of this genetic diversity has relied largely on field collection, as avocado seeds often do not survive storage in seed banks. The avocado fruit is poisonous to some birds, and the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) lists it as toxic to horses. In Australia and New Zealand, avocados are commonly served on sandwiches, sushi, toast, or with chicken. 4528 (1982): 19-27. Persea americana is a tree that grows to 20 m (66 ft), with alternately arranged leaves 12–25 cm (5–10 in) long. How to say avocado in Spanish - Translation of avocado to Spanish by Nglish, comprehensive English – Spanish Dictionary, Translation and English learning by Britannica. [14][15] The Mexican and Guatemalan landraces originated in the highlands of those countries, while the West Indian landrace is a lowland variety that ranges from Guatemala, Costa Rica, Colombia, Ecuador to Peru,[14] achieving a wide range through human agency before the arrival of the Europeans. Jumble was created in 1954 - below, you will find the most unscrambled letters for each descramble word game that others have solved or decoded to make the word avocado. The Mexican government responded by inviting USDA inspectors to Mexico, but the US government declined, claiming fruit fly inspection was not feasible. The trees also need well-aerated soils, ideally more than 1 m deep. Learn a new word every day. [33] In some cases, avocados can be left on the tree for several months, which is an advantage to commercial growers who seek the greatest return for their crop, but if the fruit remains unpicked for too long, it falls to the ground. Declension Avocado is a feminine noun. [85], In 1982, evolutionary biologist Daniel H. Janzen concluded that the avocado is an example of an 'evolutionary anachronism', a fruit adapted for ecological relationship with now-extinct large mammals (such as giant ground sloths or gomphotheres). Generally, avocado is served raw, though some cultivars, including the common 'Hass', can be cooked for a short time without becoming bitter. English Pronunciation of Avocado. Mid 17th century from Spanish, alteration (influenced by avocado ‘advocate’) of aguacate, from Nahuatl ahuacatl. [15], Before 1915, the avocado was commonly referred to in California as ahuacate and in Florida as alligator pear. [88][89], Species of flowering plant in the laurel family Lauraceae, Avocado-related international trade issues, intermingled in a trade or cultural sense, but not necessarily a genetic one. Avocado definition, a large, usually pear-shaped fruit having green to blackish skin, a single large seed, and soft, light-green pulp, borne by the tropical American tree Persea americana and its variety P. adrymifolia, often eaten raw, especially in salads. Home gardeners can graft a branch from a fruit-bearing plant to speed maturity, which typically takes four to six years to bear fruit. [27], In the United Kingdom, the term avocado pear is still sometimes misused as applied when avocados first became commonly available in the 1960s.[28]. It is known as "butter fruit" in parts of India.[29]. Avocados have been known to grow large, so owners must be ready to re-pot the plant several times. In Ghana, they are often eaten alone on sliced bread as a sandwich. The Origin of the Word “Avocado” Is About to Make You Really Uncomfortable Marissa Laliberte Updated: Jun. In Portuguese, it is abacate. The species is only partially able to self-pollinate because of dichogamy in its flowering. [58], After the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) went into effect in 1994, Mexico tried exporting avocados to the US. [12], The native, undomesticated variety is known as a criollo, and is small, with dark black skin, and contains a large seed. Natural History New York, NY 91, no. Accessed 22 Dec. 2020. B varieties open as female on the afternoon of the first day, close in late afternoon and reopen as male the following morning. The pit is placed in a jar or vase containing tepid water. It is normally found on avocado, and in Peru it is said to be the worst insect pest of the fruit. See avocado in the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary Check pronunciation: avocado Avocado slices are frequently added to hamburgers, tortas, hot dogs, and carne asada. The fruit of horticultural cultivars has a markedly higher fat content than most other fruit, mostly monounsaturated fat, and as such serves as an important staple in the diet of consumers who have limited access to other fatty foods (high-fat meats and fish, dairy products). [57], In 2017, world production of avocados was 5.9 million tonnes, led by Mexico with 34% (2.01 million tonnes) of the total (table). High winds reduce the humidity, dehydrate the flowers, and affect pollination. Synonyms for avocado include alligator pear, avocado pear, butter pear, midshipman's butter, olive green, bottle green, green, jade, khaki and lime. [39], Indoors, an avocado tree is usually grown from the pit of an avocado fruit. Avocado can be combined with eggs (in scrambled eggs, tortillas, or omelettes), and is a key ingredient in California rolls and other makizushi ("maki", or rolled sushi). The fruit is not sweet, but distinctly and subtly flavored, with smooth texture. [38] The offspring is unlikely to be identical to the parent cultivar in fruit quality. However, the amount of water needed depends on where it is grown; for example, in the main avocado-growing region of Chile, about 320 L (85 US gal) of applied water are needed to grow one avocado.[30]. Avocados have diverse fats. See more. The pit is then stabbed with three or four toothpicks, about one-third of the way up from the flat end. (Thanks to Rob Towart for steering us to today's rich, creamy, and laughably mysterious Good Word. [40] The pyriform scale insect (Protopulvinaria pyriformis) is known from Australia, South Africa, Israel, Italy, France, Spain, Cuba, Florida,[41] and Peru. The Spaniards shortened this word to guacamole, the popular chip dip enjoyed throughout the Americas today. Click on the words to see the definitions and how many points are they worth. Avocados in savory dishes, often seen as exotic, are a relative novelty in Portuguese-speaking countries, such as Brazil, where the traditional preparation is mashed with sugar and lime, and eaten as a dessert or snack. [56] Known in the avocado industry as "cukes", they are usually discarded commercially due to their small size. In Chile, it is used as a puree-like sauce with chicken, hamburgers, and hot dogs; and in slices for celery or lettuce salads. [83] The symptoms include gastrointestinal irritation, vomiting, diarrhea, respiratory distress, congestion, fluid accumulation around the tissues of the heart, and even death. As of 2013, Mexico leads international exports, with other significant production in California, New Zealand, Peru, and South Africa. [15] The three separate landraces were most likely to have already intermingled[a] in pre-Columbian America and were described in the Florentine Codex. Once picked, avocados ripen in one to two weeks (depending on the cultivar) at room temperature (faster if stored with other fruits such as apples or bananas, because of the influence of ethylene gas). Certain cultivars, such as the 'Hass', have a tendency to bear well only in alternate years. It is produced from an unpollinated blossom in which the seed does not develop. 1 (1982): 20-24. Sometimes the Nahuatl word was used with the meaning "testicle", probably due to the avocado's perceived resemblance to a testicle. For further information, see Collins Easy Learning German Grammar. Birds also seem to be particularly sensitive to this toxic compound. [74] For a typical avocado: Although costly to produce, nutrient-rich avocado oil has diverse uses for salads or cooking and in cosmetics and soap products. How to pronounce avocado. Avocado is a primary ingredient in avocado soup. Some supermarkets sell ripened avocados which have been treated with synthetic ethylene to hasten ripening. [71] Leaves of P. americana, Guatemalan variety, are toxic to goats, sheep, and horses. Translate Avocado. More recently, an alternate method of conservation has been developed based on cryopreservation of avocado somatic embryos with reliable methods for somatic embryogenesis and reconstitution into living trees. Prolonged cooking induces this chemical reaction in all cultivars.[65]. In Michoacán, the cultivation is complicated by the existence of drug cartels that extort protection fees from cultivators. It is used as the base for the Mexican dip known as guacamole,[2] as well as a spread on corn tortillas or toast, served with spices. drymifolia) are used in some cuisines as a spice, with a flavor somewhat reminiscent of anise. Modern breeding programs tend to use isolation plots where the chances of cross-pollination are reduced. [58] The Mexican state of Michoacán is the world leader in avocado production, accounting for 80% of all Mexican output. A line of premium dog and cat food, AvoDerm, uses oils and meal made from avocado meat as main ingredients. Translate Avocado. It’s also good to know, that Φασόλι means "Bean" in Greek, as well as "Broccoli" is Μπρόκολο. [15], The word "avocado" comes from the Spanish aguacate, which in turn comes from the Nahuatl word āhuacatl [aːˈwakat͡ɬ],[22] which goes back to the proto-Aztecan *pa:wa which also meant "avocado". Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. With noun/verb tables for the different cases and tenses links to audio pronunciation and … English Gematria, Hebrew Gematria and Jewish Gematria and Numerology The method, now an industry standard, allows markets to sell fruit that is ready to eat or close to it", "Avocado Growing in the Florida Home Landscape", "Development of Seeded and Seedless Avocado Fruit", "Progress Report on Effects of Plant Growth Regulator Sprays on Avocados", "Diseases of Avocado (Persea americana Miller)", "2001-2013 World avocado production, 2000-2011 World Avocado Exports,2002-2013 French avocado imports", "Crops/World regions/Production quantity (pick lists) of avocados for 2017", "Templarios ganan 2,000 mdp al año extorsionando a aguacateros en Michoacán", "California State Foods Named By Gavin Newsom", "Peru: Record avocado production saturated the markets in 2014", "Peru jumps to No.2 avocado exporter to the U.S.", "Avocado Tree's Demise Is the Pits for Growers; Fitting farewell sought for 'mother'", The holy grail of avocados - stoneless - hits shops for a limited time only, "Mexico praises lifting of last U.S. avocado import barriers", "The productivity connection behind openness", "Coronavirus Commodities: Avocado Diets (Prices) Climb, Pork Is Out", https://www.avoseedo.com/around-the-world-culinary-tour-with-avocados/, "Eat this! Translation for 'avocado' in the free English-Swahili dictionary and many other Swahili translations. [citation needed], Avocado trees are vulnerable to bacterial, viral, fungal, and nutritional diseases (excesses and deficiencies of key minerals). Commercial avocado production is limited to a small fraction of the vast genetic diversity in the species. Listen to the audio pronunciation in the Cambridge English Dictionary. [17] It probably coevolved with extinct megafauna. [84] The manufacturer says the avocado's leaves and pit are the source of toxicity, and only in the Guatemalan variety of avocados, and the fruit is often eaten by orchard dogs as well as wildlife such as bears and coyotes. "Avocado" is the equivalent to Αβοκάντο in Greek, and I’m pretty sure you’ve heard it many times before already. They are reported to exact 2000 Mexican pesos per hectare from avocado farmers and 1 to 3 pesos/kg of harvested fruit. The two flowering types are A and B. A-cultivar flowers open as female on the morning of the first day and close in late morning or early afternoon. 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? Commercially, they ripen after harvesting. The Chilean version of Caesar salad contains large slices of mature avocado. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'. [70] They are sold both dried and fresh, toasted before use, and either crumbled or used whole, commonly in bean dishes. In addition, due to environmental circumstances during some years, seedless avocados may appear on the trees. O’Brien, Christopher, Jayeni CA Hiti-Bandaralage, Alice Hayward, and Neena Mitter. California produces 90% of the United States' avocados.[62]. [7] The flowers are inconspicuous, greenish-yellow, 5–10 mm (3⁄16–3⁄8 in) wide. Then they open as male in the afternoon of the second day. We have unscrambled the letters avocado (aacdoov) to make a list of all the words found in Scrabble, Words with friends and Text Twist and other similar word games. English Language Learners Definition of avocado : a fruit with rough dark green or purple skin, smooth light green flesh, and a large seed in the middle See the full definition for avocado in the English Language Learners Dictionary In the United Kingdom, the avocado became available during the 1960s when introduced by Sainsbury's under the name 'avocado pear'. French uses avocat, which also means lawyer, and "advocate" — forms of the word appear in several Germanic languages, such as the (now obsolete) German Advogato-Birne, the old Danish advokat-pære (today it is called avocado) and the Dutch advocaatpeer. He's making a quiz, and checking it twice... Test your knowledge of the words of the year. 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