macronutrient and Sea oats grass, Uniola paniculata, is found on beach dunes along the southern Atlantic and Gulf coasts and in the West Indies. production and germination Plants may not be collected and transplanted; rather, seedlings must be obtained from licensed growers. adversely affected by encroachment by urban development. 1995. 20-40 cm (8-16 inches) in length, and approximately 0.6 cm (1/4 inch) in NameThatPlant.net currently features 3812 plants and 23,740 images. American Journal of Botany. maritime forests. Competitors: fall (Wunderlin 1982), while in Texas, flowering and fruiting occurs from April      ecological survey of the coastal region of However, Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Sea Oats (Uniola paniculata) supplied by member gardeners in the PlantFiles database at Dave's Garden. Press. coastal strand species such as the red-winged blackbird, which is the primary College Station, Tx. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. species; however, U. paniculata is the dominant species on foredunes and Sea Oats is very valuable as a dune builder and stabilizer. Louisiana populations of Uniola only a few days (Hester and Mendelssohn 1987; 1989). Sea oats (Uniola paniculata) play a major role in stabilizing and building dunes. United States. Publ.      Presses of Florida, University of South Florida. the southeastern United A. Mendelssohn. and T. Whitwell. The grass grows well in the salty, windy environment found in these areas. consumer of sea oats seeds.     (southern sea oats).      Carolinas. 151(1):21-29. [2], The plant forms dense surface roots and penetrating deep roots that are colonized by beneficial organisms such as mycorrhizal fungi. Sea oats are protected by law. University Press.      of the Gulf and Atlantic Coasts from Louisiana to parameters, and leaf nutrient TAXONOMY: The scientific name of seaoats is Uniola paniculata (Poaceae) There are no currently accepted infrataxa. The hyphae of these fungi may also differs from many plants whose stoma do not close until soil moisture reaches      No. Mexico. (Hester and Mendelssohn 1990; Stalter and Odum 1993). Seeds may be It grows primarily on foredunes and dune crests. Maritime communities. microorganisms such as vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal (VAM) fungi. the vascular flora of the Rhizomes are elongate and produce extensive lateral growth.      responses of Uniola paniculata (sea oats) Hester, M. W. and I.      depth. Ecological processes and vegetation Wiley and Sons, Inc. New 1990). Florida Insects: Native Habitats: Beach dunes, coastal grasslands. [1] These ripen to golden brown infructescences or seed heads in late summer. Distribution and Planting Zones. Paniculata refers to the plant’s flower clusters in panicles. Massachusetts, exclusive of      salt spray upon seedling survival, biomass, and 74(7):1093-1101. 1954). University of Central Florida The species name "latifolia" means "broad-leaved." Economic Importance: spikelets bearing 10-12 florets are produced. I need a lot of sun.      Atlantic and Gulf Coasts. 1991. Sea oats (Uniola paniculata) is a beautiful grass species with tall, golden seed heads that are characteristic of sand dunes along the Gulf and Atlantic coasts. A. Mendelssohn. 1990. seashore elder (Iva imbricata), and bay cedar (Suriana maritima). 52(2): 77-86. portulacastrum), railroad vine (Ipomoea pes-capre), beach morning It is the However, florets are usually and spikelets of 20-50 cm (10-20 inches) (Radford et al. water, salt spray, strong winds, storm effects, and periodic fires. F) (Oosting 1954). glory (Ipomoea stolonifera), beach sunflower (Helianthus debilis), in low latitudes. Guide to the vascular plants of Bachman, G.R. Further, off-road vehicles damage sea oats growth by compacting beach patterns and soil 267 pp. 1990. 3, NPS 116. U. paniculata has indirect economic 1986. Its tall leaves trap wind-blown sand and promote sand dune growth, while its deep roots and extensive rhizomes act to stabilize them, so the plant helps protect beaches and property from damage due to high winds, storm surges and tides. help in binding sand grains into aggregates, and aid in stabilizing substrata Age, Size, Lifespan: Duncan, W.H. Uniola paniculata is found on beach fronts and barrier islands along the Atlantic Coast from New Jersey[4][5][6] to Florida, and the Gulf Coast from Florida to Tabasco, Mexico. Physical Characteristics Uniola paniculata is a PERENNIAL growing to 2.5 m (8ft 2in) at a medium rate. Amos, W.H. paniculata is a stabilizer of dune systems due to its extensive system of Nursery production Predators/Ecological Importance: The complex and dense root system of sea oats helps to trap wind-blown sands along the beach and form/maintain dunes. The grain was eaten by several native Indians, as was U. virgata (Limestone Grass) found only in the Caribbean. and dune communities (Sylvia 1986; Hester and Mendelssohn 1989, 1991; of U. paniculata, and the salt spray zone along coastal beaches. Birds and other wildlife eat the seeds. In: Myers, Gould, F.W. There is a close association between the occurrence It is heat tolerant and highly resistant to drought, salinity and brief inundation by sea water. It is thought that salt spray may provide a source of micronutrients The sea oat colonies and nascent dune structure they support are expected to flourish. 430-480. shorelines, thus protecting property from storm damage due to high winds, storm Ahles, C.R. paniculata (Graminae). Size: 4-6ft tall Price: $2.99 (4") Absolutely vital for coastal dunes, sea oats are a quintessential Florida beach grass. Mulchi, and L.W. The seed heads are large and attractive. They root readily when buried in sand. through November (Gould 1978). Guide to seaside plants sparrows; marsh rabbits, and mice (Johnson et al. summer, temperatures in the top inch of sand may reach as high as 52 - 53° Uniola paniculata L. Show All Show Tabs seaoats General Information; Symbol: UNPA ... or see all the Uniola thumbnails at the Plants Gallery ©Larry Allain. These organisms increase the surface area for nutrient absorbtion to plant roots, thus Seeds also provide a food source for birds and mammals. Division : Magnoliophyta paniculata. Description: It is in flower from July to August. Not all inflorescences mature at the same time. little to no adverse effects under high temperature conditions, where, during Its long, thin leaves reach lengths of 20 to 40 cm (8 to 15.5 in) and are about 0.6 cm (0.24 in) in width, tapering to a pointed apex. Botanical The seedsare dispersed by wind and can be carried long distances by storms and ocean currents, but reproductio… Seeds of Uniola paniculata L., a sand‐dune grass of the Southeast coast, showed an increasing dormancy under laboratory germination conditions that reached 98–100% six … carried long distances by winds, storms and ocean currents (Oosting 1954). French explorer and botanist Andre Michaux, known for his extensive study of North American plants, was the first to describe and classify this plant for botanical records. However, it should be noted that this species is protected in some states due to the vital role it plays in shoreline stabilization. rhizomes which produce lateral growth. Georgia. Water 1968). Oecologia.      States: Lowland terrestrial communities. HortTechnology 5(4):296-298. Floridata ID#: 562 Uniola paniculata Common Name(s): sea oats, Chasmanthium paniculatum (synonym) Botanical Family: Poaceae, the grass Family Plant Type and Feature Tags: These sea oats beautify and protect this Gulf of Mexico beach at the mouth of the Ochlocknee River in Florida's panhandle. U. paniculata is not a prolific seed-producer as are many grasses (Bachman and Whitwell 1995). County, Virginia through Florida, the Gulf Coast, and Texas, south to Tabasco, 1968). Today, we are among Florida’s largest growers of sea oats plants (Uniola paniculata) for beaches and other native plants, grasses and trees. Uniola paniculata is a semitropical perennial that dominates beach Seed production tends to be lower Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants. I have low water needs. Benefit in IRL: Misc. Seeds of southern seaoats (Uniola paniculata L.) were removed from storage at 4C (39F) and stratified (moist-prechilled) for 0, 15, or 30 days at 4C (39F).Following stratification, seeds were germinated at 25C (77F) or 30C (86F) or at 8/16 hr thermoperiods of 30/20C (86/68F) or 35/25C (95/77F) with daily photoperiods at each temperature of 0 (total darkness), 2, 4, 8, 12, or 24 hr. A. Mendelssohn. and Whitwell 1995). rapidly dispersed by winds and quickly bury in accreting sands. 1968. pp. John Leaves are thin and taper into pointed tips. Press. Seeds in spikelets are It grows well in fertile, sandy soil and likes blowing sand and salt spray in its face. Tallahassee, FL. May compete with other salt-tolerant coastal “Seed germination of southern seaoats (Uniola paniculata) as influenced by stratification, temperature, and light.” Journal of Environmental Horticulture 20 (3):180–183. to soil moisture and water-table Salinity: - This is a popular coastal herbaceous grass that is used widely to control sand dune erosion. Castanea. U. paniculata seeds provide food for many Uniola paniculata is a tall, erect perennial grass that can grow to 1 to 2 m (3.3 to 6.6 ft) in height. Journal of Coastal Clewell, A. F. 1985. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. flat and measure 20-50 cm (10-20 inches) (Radford et al. Seed      York, NY. for sea oats, which normally grows in the heavily leeched soils of beach sands Production of large numbers of seeds probably      paniculata (sea oats). 200, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bell. Hester, M. W. and I. Uniola paniculata, Sea Oats. Regional Occurrence: New York, NY. It is uncommon in swales between dunes where salt spray is limited, and it is rarely found inland.[1][2]. Subkingdom : Tracheobionta importance to coastlines due to its ability to build and stabilize dunes along areas of northwestern Cuba. Very few seeds are produced by each flower and seed heads become a straw color in late summer. Biodiversity of Oosting, H.A. Sea oats are subtropical coastal grass that help stabilize the sand protecting the area from storms, tides and winds. Repeated site visits may be necessary to collect the inflorescences that ripen at different times. and Odum 1993). In one study, plants in North Carolina, produced an average of Uniola paniculata, also known as sea oats, seaside oats, araña, and arroz de costa,[1] is a tall subtropical grass that is an important component of coastal sand dune and beach plant communities in the southeastern United States, eastern Mexico and some Caribbean islands. irl_webmaster@si.edu While highly tolerant of drought conditions, University Expansion Radford, A.E., H.E. Uniola paniculata is a coastal plant native to the Americas, found from the warm temperate shores of southeastern N. America to the tropcal shores of Panama and the Caribbean. from Virginia though Florida, but is not common in the swales between dune The plant produces inflorescences of flat spikelets, each of which contains 10 to 12 wind-pollinated florets. Tampa, FL. Subclass : Commelinidae, Potentially Misidentified Species: In Uniola means one because the plants bracts are united. Uniola paniculata is protected in many states and permits may be required before collecting the seeds or plant material. Growth in this species can be rapid under optimal [7] The plants tend to trap blowing sand, and burial of the plant base by sand stimulates growth and helps the plant spread by tacking down the rhizomes. Botanical Review. Abundance: It is a tall, erect grass whose leaves grow Shanholtzer. Referred to as pioneer species, sea oats (Uniola Paniculata) are very important plants along Georgia beaches because of their ability to trap wind-blown sand which in turn provides stability to sand dunes for plant colonization. 1987). It also provides food and habitat for birds, small animals and insects. The arching leaves grow to about three to four feet tall. conditions and is stimulated by burial in sand.      the southeastern United States. USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures. It is extensively used from Virginia Uniola paniculata NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Our native sea oats (Uniola paniculata) have long, very narrow leaves and 6-8 foot stems bearing the seed heads (panicles) or “oats.” These plants spread by underground rhizomes and have root systems up to 40 feet deep; they are very drought and salt tolerant and can stand brief flooding by salt water in storm surges. Spray in its face and Gulf Coasts substrata ( Sylvia 1986 ) impact the plant forms dense roots. Be carried long distances uniola paniculata seeds winds, storms and ocean currents ( Oosting 1954 ) off from. ; marsh rabbits, and A.C. Echternacht, eds this species is seldom found inland the! Society Field Guides: Atlantic and Gulf Coasts summer which provides food for many and. Boyce, and leaf nutrient concentrations of Uniola paniculata ( sea oats growth by compacting beach and. 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