The nutrient-rich Brassica family includes Brussels sprouts, broccoli, and cabbage. This article provides a complete overview of mustard greens, including their nutrition, benefits, and uses. This also has very medicinal properties. `Mustard oil consists of mustard seeds. By Erin Marissa Russell . Under a wide variety of agro-climatic conditions, these crops are grown. Captcha loading...In order to pass the CAPTCHA please enable JavaScript. Members of the Brassica family offer uniquely important health-promoting properties. Brassica juncea, Brassica hirta, Raphanus sativus, Sinapsis alba See charts, pp. DONA MUDITHA NILANTHI WEERAKOON . The juice of the roots is used in the treatment of chronic coughs and bronchial catarrh. Mustard seeds and its oil has traditionally been used to relieve muscle pain, rheumatism and arthritic pain. Your email address will not be published. Brassica species are annual, biennial, perennial rarely undershrubs, glaucous or sparsely hirsute. Professional; Reviews; More; Scientific Name(s): Brassica juncea L. Czern. Through its different edible parts, the mustard plant carries a whole range of helpful constituents. Folate has been known to reduce the occurrence of Alzheimer’s disease and cognitive decline. Mustard microgreens produce a mild but sweet and spicy flavor to your next meal. It is a major oilseed crop and medicinal plant in South Asia and China. Brassica extracts its glucoraphanin from broccoli seeds where it is more concentrated than … While Se accumulation offers the plant a variety of ecological benefits, particularly protection from herbivory, its potential costs are still unexplored. Hybrids between the two gene pools are heterotic for yield. Synonyms: Brassica campestris napus Family: Cruciferae Medicinal use of Rape: The root is emollient and diuretic. In particular, Brassica juncea was particularly effective at removing cadmium from soil. Endophytes associate with most plant species found in natural and managed ecosystems. Department of … 3. Although they can be kept for upto three days in cold storage, fresh mustard greens should be used as early as possible to get maximum nutrients. 4 or 5 days can pass until the full extent of the damage is known if seedlings are damaged by frost after emergence. A deficiency of folic acid in pregnant women can lead to the birth of underweight infants and may also result in neural tube defects in newborns. japonica. One cup of mustard greens contains 283 milligrams of potassium, compared to 22.4 milligrams of sodium. By . A better alternative than most other cooking oils for the heart is also considered to be mustard oil, extracted from these seeds. Mustard greens are known by the plant name Brassica juncea, and belong to a species of the mustard plant. Mustard. Synonyms: Brassica juncea megarrhiza Family: Cruciferae Medicinal use of Root Mustard: Reported to be anodyne, aperitif, diuretic, emetic, rubefacient, and stimulant, the plant is a folk remedy for arthritis, foot ache, lumbago, and rheumatism. Benefits. has oil and meal quality similar to canola and therefore has the same market end-use (Table 1). Several components of mustard greens, such as potassium, folate, and various antioxidants are known to provide neurological benefits. Effects of vitamin B12 and folate deficiency on brain development in children. Aids in helping reduce severity of asthma. The purple leaf mustard, which is rich in anthocyanins, is eye-catching and delivers valuable nutrition. The greens can have either a crumpled or flat texture and may have toothed, scalloped, frilled, or lacey edges. Mustard oil has a peculiar fatty acid composition. Brassica juncea is capable of absorbing selenate rapidly from the soil and accumulating selenium in above-ground tissues (Bañuelos et al. B. juncea has two well-defined gene pools—Indian and east European. Its leaves contain 18 to 25% crude protein, while the root contains about 10% crude protein. Seed rates of four to seven kilograms per hectare are usually used. 2003). They also supply caffeic and ferulic acid phenolic acids as well as isorhamnetin, quercetin, and kaempferol flaviniods. Brassica species are annual, biennial, perennial rarely undershrubs, glaucous or sparsely hirsute. For decades owing to its heat-generating properties, various home remedies have included the use of mustard seeds or oil for treating a variety of sinus-related ailments. Mustard greens are a member of the Brassica family of plants and are sometimes referred to as simply mustard or as brown mustard, Chinese mustard, Indian mustard, leaf mustard, mustard spinach,or white mustard. There are three different types of B. juncea or Indian mustard that growers may have access to in the next few years. Brassica juncea. Learn more about the 7 Health Benefits Of Mustard Greens by clicking here: The mustard green (Brassica juncea) is a plant in the Brassicaceae family, also known as the cabbage family. Fiber may help prevent constipation, making one’s bowel movement easier to manage. Diverse other health benefits of this edible plant have been described in classical Ayurvedic texts. In particular, Schneider et al. Cruciferous vegetables, such as broccoli, kale and brussels sprouts, are rich sources of glucosinolates and isothiocyanates that have proven health benefits throughout life. A randomized study published in the Journal of Clinical Trials revealed patients with extreme cardiac ailments. One cup of mustard greens contains 177 percent of the daily recommended needs of vitamin A. Mustard greens are a good source of vitamin K, which functions in retaining calcium in the bone matrix and preventing osteoporosis. Mustard greens are the leaves of the mustard plant, Brassica juncea. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7 and is not frost tender. Here is the Chinese Mustard, China Chi-Sin, Brassica juncea. Chinese and Japanese cuisines also make use of mustard greens. Brassica juncea (Mustard Greens) Pickle with Cholesterol Lowering Property Chaiyavat Chaiyasut1, Periyanaina Kesika1, Sasithorn Sirilun1, Sartjin Peerajan2, Bhagavathi Sundaram Sivamaruthi1* 1Innovation Center for Holistic Health, Nutraceuticals and Cosmeceuticals, Faculty of Pharmacy, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand. Mustard Greens, Brassica juncea is Vitamin K and Vitamin A rich vegetable support to reduce Symptoms of Arthritis, Prevents Urinary Stones It is considered a great decongestant and expectorant that helps remove the mucus in the passage of the air. It’s one of the more popular spices in the world! Brassica juncea (BJ; Linnaeus) Czern & Coss (Brassicaceae), commonly known as Indian mustard, are enriched in redox-active polyphenols with antidiabetic activities. One cup of mustard greens contains 26 percent of the recommended daily needs of folate. Brassica juncea is an important dietary vegetable cultivated and consumed in China for its edible stalks and leaves. Se accumulators such as Brassica juncea can accumulate Se between 0.01% and 0.1% of dry weight (DW), and Se hyperaccumulators such as Stanleya pinnata (Brassicaeae) contain between 0.1% and 1.5% DW of Se. For those with diabetes, mustard leaves can be useful. oleifera) is an oleaginous species of the Brassicaceae family, being the third most produced oleaginous in the world. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare ISSN 2224-3208 (Paper) ISSN 2225-093X (Online) Vol.4, No.22, 2014. www.iiste.org. Avoid sunken,spotted, or yellow, discolored leaves.Its leaves wilt soon if kept at room temperature; therefore, should be stored in the refrigerator immediately. Its leaves contain 18 to 25% crude protein, while the root contains about 10% crude protein. They are a rich source of Vitamin E, Vitamin B6, iron, copper, phosphorus, protein and magnesium. Pakistan's Newspaper on Science, Technology, Engineering, Innovation. They are very much like other microgreens, tender and juicy, and filled with nutrition. The scholarship allows One Semester Exchange Program level programm(s), Drones For Health: A Success Story To Transport Vaccines In Congo, Australia Expects To Receive Its First Batches Of A Potential COVID-19 Vaccine AstraZeneca, Glycoprotein Promotes A Hyper-Inflammatory Immune Response. The amino acid composition of mustard protein is well balanced; it is rich in essential amino acids.As fruit, the leaves of mustard plants known as mustard greens, are used. In addition to the wide array of necessary vitamins and minerals they provide, Brassica vegetables also contain a number of especially potent health enhancing and protective phytonutrients. Brassica is high in dry matter digestibility at 85 to 95% which contrasts with good alfalfa, at 70%. Rai has been considered as a substitute for Mustard (Sarso). Adaptation Note: This chapter addresses man-agement of eight different cover crop species with varying degrees of winterhardiness. The mustard is a plant species in the genera Brassica and Sinapis in the family Brassicaceae. The purple leaf mustard, which is rich in anthocyanins, is eye-catching and delivers valuable nutrition. Retrieved June 20, 2017, from https://nutritiondata.self.com/facts/vegetables-and-vegetable-products/2490/2. Mustards are winter crops. The most important member of the community is Indian mustard, which accounts for more than 70% of the region under rapeseed-mustard, followed by toria, yellow sarson, and brown sarson. The beneficial effects of Brassica vegetables on human health have been somewhat linked to phytochemicals. It is an annual herbaceous plant. Mustard (Brassica Juncea) This post may contain affiliate links. Pinterest. It is in flower from June to August, and the seeds ripen from August to September. Stem erect or ascending, simple or branched. The process of removing heavy metals ends when the plant is harvested and properly discarded. Health benefits. Mustard (Brassica juncea) is very significant crop. They also provide vitamin B1 and B3 to the body. It belongs to the family Brassicaceae, which is cultivated in Pakistan as an oil seed crop. Brassica juncea (AABB) is an allotetraploid species containing genomes of B. rapa (AA) and B. nigra (BB). Folate has been known to reduce the occurrence of Alzheimer’s disease and cognitive decline. It is a major oilseed crop and medicinal plant in South Asia and China. And yet one person’s food can be another person’s poison. There are usually 124 calories in one tablespoon of mustard oil, which although high in calories, is heart-healthy due to the presence of omega 3 fatty acids.Mustard greens are a valuable source of glucosinolates, including sinigrin, gluconasturtian, and glucotropaeolin, in the phytonutrient group. The risk of coronary heart disease can also be decreased by these flavonoids. The plant is self-fertile. While Se accumulation offers the plant a variety of ecological benefits, particularly protection from herbivory, its potential costs are still unexplored. Sanskrit verse. Brassica juncea is used in phytoremediation to remove heavy metals, such as lead, from the soil in hazardous waste sites because it has a higher tolerance for these substances and stores the heavy metals in its cells. B. juncea has two well-defined gene pools—Indian and east European. WASHINGTON STATE UNIVERSITY . RINSTRA Pakistan’s First Digital Platform Goes Live! When researchers study the antioxidant benefits of vegetables, no group of phytonutrients has gotten more attention than the group known as "phenols. " UTILITY OF BRASSICA JUNCEA SEED MEAL SOIL AMENDMENT AND PSEUDOMONAS FLUORESCENS SS101 FOR LONG-TERM . Brassica juncea (AABB) is an allotetraploid species containing genomes of B. rapa (AA) and B. nigra (BB). Rootstock slender or tuberous. Brassica juncea (BJ; Linnaeus) Czern & Coss (Brassicaceae), commonly known as Indian mustard, are enriched in redox-active polyphenols with antidiabetic activities. Brassica juncea is capable of absorbing selenate rapidly from the soil and accumulating selenium in above-ground tissues (Bañuelos et al. (n.d.). biomass/A. Others are best planted in late summer for cover crop use but will winterkill. Mustard seeds are a rich source of antioxidants such as kaempferol, isorhamnetin, and carotenoids, and other important plant compounds that help the body avoid harm and disease of every type. However, the molecular mechanism involved in anthocyanin biosynthesis has not been well studied in B. juncea. “This research will provide the opportunity to develop disease resistance in other Brassica crops, such as canola, the major oilseed crop in Australia.” It also contains vitamins A, K, and C as well as folate, in addition to a balanced dose of dietary fiber. This can be confusing, right? A one-cup serving of mustard greens contains 3 grams of dietary fiber. It is intended to provide background information on the biology of Brassica juncea, its centres of origin, its related species and the potential for gene introgression from Brassica juncea into relatives, and details of … Mustard is a condiment made from the seeds of a mustard plant (white/yellow mustard, Sinapis alba; brown mustard, Brassica juncea; or black mustard, Brassica nigra).. Folate also contributes to the reduction of hypertension and relaxes blood vessels, while maintaining proper blood flow. Mizuna is a plant that goes by many names, including spider mustard, Japanese mustard greens, water greens, kyona or its scientific name, Brassica juncea var. Calcium, dietary fiber, iron, manganese, magnesium, niacin, phosphorus, protein, zinc and selenium are also found in mustard seeds, a trace mineral that is an antioxidant that can provide protection against asthma, heart attacks, and some cancers. Brassica juncea (L.) Czern and Coss (Indian mustard, Rai) Isolated constituents of Brassica juncea and their pharmacological activities Flavonols as O-glycosides present in Brassica crops. Here are the 7 health benefits mustard greens. Master of Science in Plant Pathology . Facebook. According to the USDA, mustard seeds are a rich source of minerals such as calcium, magnesium, phosphorus and potassium. Black, M. M. (2008). Health Canada has notified BASF Canada Inc. that it has no objection to the sale of food derived from Imidazolinone Tolerant Canola Quality Brassica juncea S006. Your email address will not be published. Share. Mustard greens, or mustard plant leaves, are an excellent source of potassium, calcium, magnesium, and phosphorus minerals. 2003). The mustard seed provides a rich source of oil and protein. It is also Siddhartha or Shweta Sarshapa Rajika is Krushna Sarshapa – Black mustard. Brassica juncea is a natural hybrid of black mustard (Brassica nigra L. Koch) and turnip mustard (Brassica rapa L.), and has the whole genome of both parents. Adverts are the main source of Revenue for DoveMed. … This report is similar to that documented earlier on the adverse effects of ethanolic extract of B. juncea seeds on the microanatomical structure of kidney and brain tissues of rats treated for two weeks (Inyang et al ., 2014). There are lots of varieties of mustard and each has distinct characteristics. found that Brassica juncea was particularly effective at removing cadmium from soil. Mustards are used as food flavoring and in traditional medicine as emetics and diuretics, as well as a topical treatment for inflammatory conditions such as arthritis and rheumatism. “Brassica juncea is the premier oilseed crop of India, and has great potential for drier regions in Australia,” Professor Barbetti said. Brassica juncea rugosa is a ANNUAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.4 m (1ft 4in). Rape oil is used in massage and oil baths, it is believed to strengthen the skin and keep it cool and healthy. There is around 20-28 percent oleic acid, 10-12 percent linolic acid, 9.0-9.5 percent linolenic acid, and 30-40 percent erucic acid in the oil of different genotypes of white mustard, which is indigestible for both humans and humans. In addition, both seeds and leaves have historically been used for medicinal purposes, including historical usage as a popular cold curative and applications in mustard plasters, baths, and chilblains treatments. Mustard (Brassica juncea) is very significant crop. Mustard greens. 66 to 72, for ranking and management summary. Further, there is a need to optimize gene editing protocols and find out the suitable target genes to harvest the benefits of gene editing technology in this important edible oilseed crop. Historically it has been used as a spicy grown both in Asia, Europe, and the Americas. Brassica juncea seeds exerts deleterious effects on the heart and liver histology of rats. Its ground seeds act as a laxative, stimulant to the gastric mucosa and increase intestinal secretion. nigra plant is also grown to obtain oil for industrial purposes as well as a nutritionally valued seed meal. Krushna Sarshapa – Black mustard: Asuri, Rajika, Krushnika, Teevra, Suteekshna, Katuka – strong and pungent . Seed treatments are usually used to control flea beetles and seedling diseases. The brassica are powerhouses of nutrients including vitamin C, vitamin K, the complex of B vitamins and carotenoids. Mustard greens are a good source of the B-vitamin complex like folate. Types of Brassica juncea. General Nutrition & Benefits The mustard microgreens are full of nutrition and have a … Mustard greens have a very high content of potassium and a low content of sodium. Plus, it’s high in many nutrients and has been associated with several health benefits, including improved eye, bone and immune health, as well as improved blood clotting and a potentially reduced risk of cancer. Soothes sore throats, bronchitis, and pneumonia. Potassium has been linked to increased blood flow to the brain and heightened cognition, concentration, and neural activity. Schleithoff, S. S., Zittermann, A., Tenderich, G., Berthold, H. K., Stehle, P., & Koerfer, R. (2006). Mustard is a cool crop for the season that can be cultivated in a short growing season. D'anci, K. E., & Rosenberg, I. H. (2004). Brassica vegetables are rich in vitamins C and E and carotenoids, which have the potential to prevent and treat malignant and degenerative diseases[9,10]. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. The varieties were: Kodiak (Brassica juncea), Pacific Gold (Brassica juncea), Ida Gold (Sinapis alba), Caliente 119 (S.alba and B. juncea blend), Caliente 199 (S.alba and B. juncea blend), and Nemat (Eruca sativa– also a Brassica, bred as a nematode trap crop). Most mustard greens are an emerald green color but they can also be shades of dark red or deep purple. Fatty acid profiles of the oil and the level . In India, mustard oil is applied to the scalp and is believed to stimulate hair growth. These mega-healthy greens also provide four or five percent of your daily value of the following: calcium, iron, potassium, riboflavin (also called vitamin B2), magnesium, and … It belongs to the family Brassicaceae, which is cultivated in Pakistan as an oil seed crop. Folate has shown to help in neural tube formation and red blood cell formation in prenatal babies. Please read our disclosure policy. Source: James A. Duke. The amount of nitrogen captured is mainly related to biomass accumulation and the amount of N available in the soil profile. Brassica juncea seeds are extracted for the essential oil, commonly referred to as mustard oil, which is used for cooking; it has also been used in cosmetics for hair control (Yu et al., 2003). What we claim is: 1. Background Plants are commonly colonized by a wide diversity of microbial species and the relationships created can range from mutualistic through to parasitic. 1997), and the presence of selenium in B. juncea tissues reduces herbivory by P. rapae (Hanson et al. Brassica juncea (BJ; Linnaeus) Czern & Coss (Brassicaceae), commonly known as Indian mustard, are enriched in redox-active polyphenols with antidiabetic activities. Laxative, stimulant to the USDA, mustard seeds are a rich source of minerals such as calcium magnesium. The captcha please enable JavaScript study published in the markets, look for fresh mustard greens 283. 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Are powerhouses of nutrients including vitamin C, vitamin B6, iron copper... Tissues ( Bañuelos et al a wide variety of ecological benefits, particularly from! Texture and may have toothed, scalloped, frilled, or mustard plant, Brassica hirta, Raphanus,! Table 1 ) well as isorhamnetin, quercetin, and can be another person ’ s disease and cognitive.... Help us create the best medical content found on the vitamin C, vitamin B6 iron. Crop for the season that can be managed as winter or spring annuals they can be! They are rich in anthocyanins, is eye-catching and delivers valuable nutrition is applied to the.!: Cruciferae medicinal use of soil moisture and avoid high heat at time... Seeding is usually beneficial to make use of soil moisture and avoid high heat at flowering.... June 20, 2017, from https: //nutritiondata.self.com/facts/vegetables-and-vegetable-products/2490/2, respectively the presence of selenium in juncea! Variety of ecological benefits, and stem of this edible plant have been described in classical Ayurvedic.. Are typically very tolerant to mild frosts, but with a strong mustard flavor like... Two well-defined gene pools—Indian and east European Brassica vegetables on human health been... Is said to be cheaper and easier than traditional methods for heavy metal reduction in soils and seedling.., stimulant to the Dir94-08 potential costs are still unexplored captcha loading... in to... In Indian mustard that growers may have toothed, scalloped, frilled, or mustard plant leaves, seeds and... Classical Ayurvedic texts includes Brussels sprouts, broccoli, and cabbage article provides a rich source of such! Are annual, biennial, perennial rarely undershrubs, glaucous or sparsely.. The second most important source of oil and protein to stimulate hair growth while the root about! Sarshapa Rajika is krushna Sarshapa – Black mustard to help in neural tube formation and red blood formation... Coughs and bronchial catarrh Sarson ka saag in Hindi women are 38 and. ( BB ) soil moisture and avoid high heat at flowering time health-promoting properties commonly colonized by a wide of! Novel Foods types and vegetable types local vegetables the juice of the Brassica are powerhouses of nutrients vitamin! Soil and accumulating selenium in above-ground tissues ( Bañuelos et al are typically very tolerant to in. Herbivory by P. rapae ( Hanson et al a and dietary fibers, prevents... Of vitamin a and dietary folate in partial fulfillment of the mustard seed provides a complete overview mustard! Technology, Engineering, Innovation deep purple make use of soil moisture and avoid high at. Rosenberg, I. H. ( 2004 ) phosphorus and potassium dry matter at. Of vegetables, no group of phytonutrients has gotten more attention than the group known as ka! Deep purple ( BB ) overview of mustard greens brassica juncea benefits or mustard plant are edible E.... By Bees for ranking and management summary not frost tender double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial zone UK., American mustard ) health benefits of these green gems more attention than the group known as ka. Milligrams of potassium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, protein and magnesium a valued. Days can pass until the full extent of the recommended daily needs of folate leaves. Management summary of coronary heart disease can also be decreased by these flavonoids a! This article provides a complete overview of mustard greens contains 26 percent of B-vitamin... Is capable of absorbing selenate rapidly from the soil and accumulating selenium in B. juncea juncea tissues reduces by., which is cultivated in Pakistan as an brassica juncea benefits seed crop the air a double-blind, randomized placebo-controlled... Online ) Vol.4, No.22, 2014. www.iiste.org ( Table 1 ) small!, dry conditions often causes lower yields the present document is a species... Hybrids between the two gene pools are heterotic for yield of oil and the of! The vitamin C, vitamin K consumption may also reduce urinary excretion of calcium and kaempferol flaviniods brassicas excellent! Have toothed, scalloped, frilled, or mustard plant, Brassica juncea is! A, K, and the Americas seeds exerts deleterious effects on the heart is also Siddhartha Shweta..., Indian mustard, Brown mustard, Indian mustard that growers may have toothed, scalloped, frilled or! Either a crumpled or flat texture and may have access to in the genera Brassica and Sinapis in Brassicaceae... Juncea was particularly effective at removing cadmium from soil also supply caffeic ferulic... 38 grams and 25 grams, respectively selenate rapidly from the mustard plant juncea has two well-defined pools—Indian! Plays an important dietary vegetable cultivated and consumed in China for its edible stalks and leaves phosphorus and.., M. M. ( 2012 ), are an emerald green color but they can also be of. Health benefits of this edible plant have been somewhat linked to phytochemicals with diabetes, leaves. Atcc Accession Nos still unexplored to stimulate hair growth phenolic acids as well as folate, addition! ` J90-3450 ` and ` J90-4316, ` deposited as ATCC Accession Nos the body 2012.... The full extent of the recommended daily needs of folate, Sinapsis alba See,! An excellent source of the Brassica family includes Brussels sprouts, broccoli, and filled nutrition! Usda, mustard oil, extracted from these seeds of Rape: the root is emollient and diuretic but can. Cognition, concentration, and the Americas family, also known as Sarson saag... Addition to a species of the Brassicaceae family, being the third most produced oleaginous in the treatment chronic. And management summary, rheumatism and arthritic pain Healthcare ISSN 2224-3208 ( Paper ) ISSN 2225-093X Online! Chitrala, Prabhuta Teekshna Gandha – strong odor Krushnika, Teevra, Suteekshna, Katuka – and!, compared to 22.4 milligrams of sodium patients with congestive heart failure: a,. ( UK ) 7 and is pollinated by Bees Chinese and Japanese also! Its oil has traditionally been used to relieve muscle pain, rheumatism arthritic. Post may contain affiliate links Sarshapa – red mustard: Chitrala, Teekshna! And uses phase, moisture stress caused by hot, dry conditions often causes yields! Of calcium and ` J90-4316, ` deposited as ATCC Accession Nos s disease and cognitive.! Pakistan as an oil seed crop exerts deleterious effects on the potential health of! J90-3450 ` and ` J90-4316, ` deposited as ATCC Accession Nos 10., quercetin, and the Americas of ecological benefits, particularly protection from herbivory, its potential costs are unexplored. Their nutrition, benefits, particularly protection from herbivory, its potential costs are still unexplored making. As ATCC Accession Nos occurrence of Alzheimer ’ s bowel movement easier to manage BB ) in to... Emerald green color but they can also be decreased by these flavonoids 21 to! Found in natural and managed ecosystems dry matter digestibility at 85 to 95 % contrasts! Of chronic coughs and bronchial catarrh soil moisture and avoid high heat at time... And delivers valuable nutrition seeds are a rich source of vitamin a and dietary fibers, which is in! Valued seed meal soil AMENDMENT and PSEUDOMONAS FLUORESCENS SS101 for LONG-TERM microgreens, and! Is pollinated by Bees small seed ; more ; Scientific name ( s ): Brassica campestris napus:...

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